Roman information for a kids’ class

I am teaching games and races in history. So we’ve done some on the Greeks. Now we’re moving on to the Romans.

What about Hannibal? He was a Carthagian general and he fought against the Romans. That might be a “race.” And the Alps and elephants is definitely interesting.

Another thing I could do is talk about Julius Caesar losing the battle for Britain. Also about the blue Brits.

I’ve been looking for cool websites with good information.

The Life of a Roman Child has a list of the toys Roman children played with. I think it would be fun for the kids to see these and try to guess which ones were Roman.

It also says they had pets: dogs, birds, monkeys, and cats. But dogs were the most common.

And, of particular weirdness, it says that Roman girls married after they were 12 and Roman boys married after they were 14. They couldn’t be related by marriage or by 4th degree consanguinity.

This ThinkQuest website says:

Gaming was popular among all classes, and included pastimes such as dice, knucklebones, and gaming counters. Board games were played by adults as well as children. Traditional children’s games, such as hide-and-go-seek and leap frog are depicted in Ancient Roman art. Children’s toys have also been found.

How about this for serious game playing:

Ball-playing was popular among the Romans, and they often spent their morning exercises playing games on the fields (palaestra) or ball-courts (sphaerista). The Romans enjoyed a variety of ball games, including Handball (Expulsim Ludere), Trigon, Soccer, Field Hockey, Harpasta, Phaininda, Episkyros, and certainly Catch and other games that children might invent, like Dodge Ball. An additional game called Roman Ball is theorized to fill some gaps. The pages linked on the right provide descriptions of these games.

Soccer is a natural game and although the Romans may not have played team soccer there are references to boys kicking balls around in the streets. Cicero described one court case in which a man getting a shave was killed when a ball was kicked into the barber. The ball must have been an inflated pila. The mosaic from Ostia, above, shows what appears to be an inflated pila, stitched in the fashion of modern soccer balls. Considering that this scene represents a gym, it might be also a paganica, or medicine ball, but paganicas are always shown as oblong.

That information comes from Crystal Links. It also lists games the Romans played: “Knucklebones (Tali & Tropa), Dice (Tesserae), Roman Chess (Latrunculi), Roman Checkers (Calculi), The Game of Twelve Lines (Duodecim Scripta), The Game of Lucky Sixes (Felix Sex), Tic-Tac-Toe (Terni Lapilli), Roman Backgammon (Tabula), Egyptian Backgammon (Senet), and others.”

Maybe I’ll give the kids some things to create their own game with. That might be fun. What would the Game of Lucky Sixes look like?

A powerhouse of links can be found here.

The BBC has a great website with lots of stuff. According to one of its pages, the Romans kept dormice in clay pots stuffed with hay. Then when they were hungry, they took them out to eat them. Remember to say that for Alice in Wonderland.

It also has recipes from a Roman cookbook, tells of a woman’s invitation to her friend to a birthday party, and recommends making a scroll to see how hard it is to keep. I wonder how much dowels are and how hard it would be to get them cut.

Aerobiologicalengineering has this entry on Roman board games. Apparently Mancala is one of the games the Romans played. They adopted it from Libya. I could bring my two boards in to play.

This site has pictures from Roman archaeology that show the games. I think we could play Roman Knucklebones or Tali. There is one where you pitch the tali (dice) into a narrow necked bottle. Only those which fell in would be counted. I could use the limeade bottles and my dice.

Maybe we could make a board game of five in a row. I’d have to get pieces to play with at a teacher supply store. I can’t remember how much we have to spend. But I could probably do it.

One website says they played tic tac toe, but this site says not. It was a game played with markers, blue and red, and it was very popular. The entry is much shorter than the other.

The Lines of Twelve explanation is interesting. And how the Romans got around a prohibition to gambling was interesting.

Merels also sounds like an interesting game, but I didn’t really understand the rules as explained on the linking sites.

The author of the site above also has one on Roman ball games. He’s moved once. Should I copy everything I can find onto a list for myself so that if it closes, I can have it still? I don’t know. Fun games are included.

Maybe we could play Dodge ball. That seems to have been a common street game.

They also played handball against a single wall. But I can’t think of anywhere on the church where we wouldn’t be doing the church a disservice to play.

There is some discussion of tennis, with rackets, or something like tennis. But no rackets have been found.

NOTE TO SELF: Look for that book of civilizations. Do I have that for Greeks and Romans? If so, use it.

Sabbath quotes, fourteen years ago

Looking over what I quoted this time and what I quoted last time I read the book, I can see that I am thinking of and learning different things now.

Christians sometives forget the fuller community we share with God’s creation beyond the human community. Sabbath time is a special opportunity to appreciate our intimacy with all that comes from God’s hand. 84

Sometimes we feel most in communion with life when we are in solitude. That paradox is espresed in the Russian word for solitude, which means “being with everyone.” … authentic solitude is but a different way of being in community. 84

… community is truly given us, and not made by our actions. We are community. That is just a fact of Christian experience. . . 85

Authentic sabbath time implies freedom and invites fresh eyes and fresh breath with which to see and be in the world. 87

… resting on the sabbath is a revolutionary act. … We liberate time. . . 88

Two of these I thought of writing down this time, but didn’t. I have six pages of quotes from last time. And then I added my own thoughts about some of it.

sabbath/ministy (from page 50)
Creature/Creator
I tend to think we focus more on us in ministry and more on God in sabbath.
Passivity/Activity
I think this vision explains why Americans are letting go of sabbath.
Humor/Seriousness
Struck me as an interesting juxtaposition for these, but true nonetheless.

God is equidistant from the past, present, and future; as we identify with the image of God in us, we identify with the intimate contemporaneity of all events and beings in creation, caught up in the universal transfiguration of Christ. 73

L’Engle’s Walking on Water view of time is here.

Is there a connection that others have missed that I may have had and lost in my sense of wrongness …with hearing?

Sabbath quotes

From Sabbath Time by Tilden Edwards:

When we cease from work, we show ourselves to be labor’s master (52).

…a Jew does not worship in order to get something out of it, or to meet some need, but simply because it is commanded. Such obedience…. can be a voluntary and mature submission of a strong ego to a particular disciplined way that is sensed as true (56).

If we simply do something out of love and yearning for God without trying to calculate what it will get us or even what it means, that intent and its actions can carry us farther into becoming our true self in God’s image (56).

One of the great potential freedoms of the mature Christian life is from slavery to human impulse and wants, which currently are easily confused with authentic human needs (57).

We can’t properly value and do justice to work except in light of its sabbath interruption (58).

…you learn rest primarily by being given a way to experience it firsthand (59).

…wasting time with God… (60)

(not a direct quote) Why do we want to rest? Law/obedience, escape, entertainment (60)

…sink ever deeper into the rest of God (61).

This rest must be basically an end in itself… (62).

Love at its deepest is always an end in itself. We want nothing more than to be present-in-love. That is enough. Rest happens in such moments (62).

…serene abandonment to the serious play of God (63).

Sabbath rest… emphasizes trustfully relaxing into what already has happened and is happening for us in God’s restful grace (65).

Christians frequently have had trouble moving their bodies as well as their minds in response to life’s giftedness (66).

The very word chosen by the Greek Fathers for the perfect mutual indwelling of the Holy Trinity, Perichoeresis, literally means “dancing around (66).”

Sabbath is… an intentional halt. It is a time for… arts; a time to appreciate a tree, your neighbor, and yourself without doing something to them; a time to praise God as an end in itself (90).

…in vowed return to sabbath time the vision is restored and ever widened to include all that is real in God’s eye, all that is meant to be. A discerning eye is cultivated that more easily knows the spiritual wheat from the chaff, and is strengthened to cultivate the former’s deepening life in the world (94).

The Eyes of our Grandfathers

“History has its way with all of us, but the eyes of our grandfathers never leave us. ”

I was reading Varifrank yesterday. He had a post about VAdm McCain and Cdr McCain, Sen. McCain’s grandfather and father- including a pic.

But it was this final sentence that got me, especially in light of R’s grandfather dying this week.

Pappa is dead.

He is gone and there is a hole in our lives which he used to fill. Someday, perhaps, we will be like him in filling other’s lives.

R says that “he wasn’t all there” when we saw him three weeks ago. His explanation is that the spirit of Pappa began to separate from his body. He certainly wasn’t much like Pappa when we saw him this weekend. He saw things no one else saw, couldn’t discern between dreaming and living, and didn’t know us.

Does your spirit begin to leave your body as you prepare to die?

The best thing for Pappa is that he got to die at home, not in the hospital far from his family. Grama was sitting by his side holding his hand when he left his earthly body.

Tell my grandparents I said hi, Pappa.

Female Porn

Or at least that’s what the presenter, Al Lowe, calls it. Totally work friendly.

And by the way, at least three of those I get at home all the time!