This would make a great detail for Book 2.

They’re going to be heading from Kalhun towards Salen. This could be the first rich town they come to after they leave Kalhun. It would be an interesting place. What relevance? I don’t know. But Dielli likes it.

Many scholars assume that ancient Israelis made honey from fruits such as figs and dates. Nowhere does the Bible mention beekeeping as a way to produce honey, according to Mazar.

The earliest known depiction of beekeeping appears on a carving from an Egyptian temple that dates to 4,500 years ago. It shows men collecting honeycombs from cylindrical containers, pouring honey into jars and possibly separating honey from beeswax. Beehives portrayed in ancient Egyptian art resemble those found at Tel Rehov, as well as hives used today by traditional Mediterranean and Middle Eastern groups, says entomologist Gene Kritsky of the College of Mount St. Joseph in Cincinnati.

“Tel Rehov is so important because it contains a full apiary, demonstrating that this was a large-scale operation,” Kritsky says.

Mazar’s team has so far uncovered 25 cylindrical containers for bees in a structure that is centrally located in the ancient city at Tel Rehov. High brick walls surrounded the apiary. Beehives sat in three parallel rows, each containing at least three tiers. Each beehive measured 80 centimeters long and about 40 centimeters wide.

In the best-preserved beehives, one end contains a small hole for bees to enter and exit. A removable lid with a handle covers the other end.

Chemical analyses of two Tel Rehov beehives revealed degraded beeswax residue in the containers’ unfired clay walls. The researchers are now examining pollen remains and bee bodies found in charred honeycombs from inside the hives.

Mazar estimates that the ancient apiary contained at least 75 and perhaps as many as 200 beehives. A clay platform of the same width as a nearby row of hives probably served as a foundation for some of the hives. The facility held more than 1 million bees and had a potential annual yield of 500 kilograms of honey and 70 kilograms of beeswax, Mazar says.

Writings and paintings from ancient Egypt suggest beehives possessed considerable value at the time. Honey was used as a sweetener, a salve for wounds and a ritual substance. Beeswax also had various uses, including being molded into casts for bronze objects.

Only a strong central authority could have established and maintained a large apiary in the center of town, Mazar notes.

The apiary apparently hosted ceremonies intended to spur honey production and ensure the operation’s success. Ritual finds near the hives include a four-horned clay altar that features carved figures of two female goddesses flanking an incised tree.

from Science News

for Dielli

Thought I would see if it would work…

Ace of Spades has been getting weird traffic searches.

Sarah Palin and her secret bikini pictures, Sarah Palin and the “Air Force Two,” or homoerotic pillowfights between Governor Sarah Palin and Smurfette.
Sarah Palin swimsuit competition searches, with people searching for hot pictures of Sarah Palin in a bikini, Governor Sarah Palin Victoria’s Secret wearing nothing but high heels and a clown nose or something.

Don’t these people know you should search Google Images?

UC is allowed to reject Bob Jones and Abeka curriculum.

Somehow I missed this. But this is something that all homeschoolers should be aware of and be watching.

My sons used those books for years. They weren’t perfect, but they were just as good as public school books.

Twelve of the most popular science textbooks used at middle schools nationwide are riddled with errors, a new study has found.

Researchers compiled 500 pages of errors, ranging from maps depicting the equator passing through the southern United States to a photo of singer Linda Ronstadt labeled as a silicon crystal.
None of the 12 textbooks has an acceptable level of accuracy, said John Hubisz, a North Carolina State University physics professor who led the two-year survey, released earlier this month.

How about our history books? (And in this case, our really includes me, because this is from Texas.)

In 1991, we found 231 un de tect ed factual errors in six high school U.S. History books after the state approval process certified them error-free. When this year’s process ended, we found 249 still-un cor rec ted factual errors in four books — more mis takes over looked in fewer texts. This despite publish ers’ claims to have beefed up their fact-check ing, despite Texas Education Agen cy emphasis on verifying accuracy to the State Textbook Review Panel, and despite an $80,000 Texas Tech review team backing them up.

What about math?

Proposed math books for elementary school children and their teachers have resulted in one computation that publishers would just as soon erase – 109,263.

That’s the number of errors that were uncovered in proposed math textbooks that are under review by the State Board of Education for distribution to schools in the fall of 2008.

The total number of errors was nearly five times the total for last year, thanks to one publisher whose books contained more than 86,000 errors – 79 percent of the total.

Publishers will have until the spring to clean their books up. After that, they can be fined up to $5,000 for every error that makes it into the final editions of books shipped to Texas schools.

I almost want them to leave a few errors in to contribute to Texas’ schools. But I know if they do, some child will find it and a teacher somewhere will insist it is not an error and the world of learning will be darkened.

And, think about this, do you think those publishers are just going to throw those books away? Nope. They’re going to sell them to the public school system in California.

That would have been cool…

I’ve heard rumblings of the possibility of McCain announcing his cabinet at the RNC. But it’s illegal. Drats.

You can do what Bush did in 2000 and leak who you’d like to appoint and appear with them in public a lot, but you can’t announce your government in September.

Hey. Worked for Bush.

Romney for Secretary of the Treasury.

Thompson for Homeland Security. (Though McCain likes Ridge.) So maybe Thompson for Secretary of State. Though I am okay with Condoleeza Rice there. She’s an amazing woman and has done a good job.

Folks were liking Pawlenty. What cabinet position would he be good for?

Couldn’t we get a dream team together for the cabinet? That would be so cool.

Everywhere I’m reading negatives about Sarah Palin

but I still think she was a good pick. Let me tell you why. In no particular order:

She’s a woman and Obama was an idiot not to ask Clinton to be his VP. So we have the GOP with a VP candidate that is strong, likable, and historic. I think that an Obama/Clinton or Clinton/Obama ticket would have been unbeatable. So Palin may appeal to the Pumas. And even if she doesn’t, it says the GOP isn’t a good old boys club.

She’s beautiful. This will let us know whether the media really is prejudiced (The Washington Post, for instance, argued that the reason they had 134 pictures of Obama to 94 of McCain is because O is better looking.) It will also get the GOP a lot of good photo ops. Those are important.

Despite what O’s campaign said, she has more experience than he does. Yes, she’ll be one heartbeat away from being president. But he’ll be the president. Which is worse? And she’s been an executive on more than one level. She’s been in politics for the last 16 years. And she’s a reformer.

She’s ardently pro-life and she lives it. Fox News may call her anti-abortion (along with all the other news outlets), but what you see in her life is ProLife. I’m impressed. So are the conservatives who were worried about the GOPs take on their most important issue.

Lots of the Dems are saying, “Oh no Dem will vote for a prolifer.” Well, you know, if they were one-issue voters, they wouldn’t vote for the GOP anyway because they are the party that believe in the right to life. I think a lot of Dems will be more likely to vote for a woman.

SHE is the everyman the LATimes says the DNC lauded Obama as. We’ve seen pictures of her in front of a motorcycle, on a ferry, next to a plane in the snow, showing her kill, with her family. She’s the kind of person you’d want to live next door to you. And she’s not the elite Harvard grad like Obama. She’s a U of Iowa grad in journalism. (Okay, that’s a negative.)

There are many GOPers who are one issue, prolife. She is the most prolife candidate I’ve ever heard of having even a chance of election to the presidency. (I’d prefer a Thompson-Palin ticket, but that’s not going to happen.)

She is definitely a Washington outsider. She is from Alaska.

She also cleaned up Alaskan politics and, while I’m not too thrilled about the whole pork thing, at least she took the bridge to nowhere money and re-directed it to something useful for Alaska.

She’s a hard worker and her family support her. They’re united on this as they were on baby Trig, peace’s son, in the family.

Her family is union workers. She’s been a union worker. I know a lot of people are going to like that, too. I like the fact that she has worked for her living. I’m not too hip on unions, but…

She is pro-Second Amendment. There are lots of one issue voters on that issue too. Whoo hoo! (Do a little jiggity dance here. Do you think I need to tell my husband I am donating to the campaign?)

She’s got a strong record, even in 20 months, on bringing drilling into Alaska and getting the oil there into use.

She’s a mother of five. I could not do that. But I know that the kind of person who can be is impressive.

She brings a fresh breath to a campaign which after twenty months has lost its aroma on either side.

It was a strategic genius move to announce her the day after the DNC finished. It short-circuited all the Obama focus.

Want to see what she said for yourself?

Her acceptance is about 9 minutes in.

Okay, she’s not perfect.

She raised taxes on Big Oil, which already pays every Alaskan between $600 and $1200 a year just because they want to drill in Alaska. (Alaskans have no state tax; they have a state dividend.)

And from a comment:

1. Abortions –Palin is NOT a typical Republican ideologue! She is personally pro-life and against abortion. But as Mayor of her Town she blocked a bill outlawing abortions!

I looked this up and could find NOTHING on it. Except the quote itself in two different places. What I did find was that the Huffington Post says she is a staunch pro-lifer who wants to outlaw abortion even in the case of rape and incest. (Because we all know that murder makes rape and incest better. And, yes, I do know that it would be traumatic to carry a child of a rapist or an incestual relationship. But I also know it would be traumatic to commit murder. And people cover up rape and incest now through underage abortions. I know they do. I know people who were victims of both who had abortions to “hide” the rape and incest.)

Gay Rights:

2. Gay Rights — Palin got partner benefits for Gays in Alaska by her first veto as Governor!

Sullivan wrote,

Palin’s first veto was used to block legislation that would have barred the state from granting benefits to the partners of gay state employees. In effect, her veto granted State of Alaska benefits to same-sex couples. The veto occurred after Palin consulted with Alaska’s attorney general on the constitutionality of the legislation.

At least it sounds like she was voting what would hold up, not what she wanted. Of course Sullivan would spin it that way, anyway, because it is what he wants. She said she supported Alaska’s constitutional ban on gay marriage in 1998.

Her hair?!
Apparently she wears it that way ’cause she’d be too beautiful otherwise.

Althouse explains the hair. It’s that she’s retro.

Personally, I love the hair. It lets her wear it long when she wants and up and out of the way for work. There’s something about women’s hair. It’s not “professional” if it’s long.

Wrong religiously?
The Common Room’s commenters really don’t like her because she’s working rather than staying home.

Mr. Palin stays home. I love that. I think it is good for the kids for Dad to be around. He hasn’t always, but when she became Governor he quit work because of potential conflict of interest.

But many far right conservatives will probably agree with the commenters. Of course most of them aren’t voting anyway. That’s really going to make a difference.

And I think it is interesting that no one has talked about Obama being gone from his daughter’s lives while he runs.

Final thoughts:
I still like her. She’s down to earth. She’s real. She’s got an actual and continued middle class upbringing.

Yes, I know in the lower 48 the $100K her husband made the last few years is great. But it costs a lot more to live in Alaska, buy bread, fruit in the winter, etc. as it does here. Except for state taxes. But we here in Texas don’t have any either.

Right now $4.27 is the best gas price in Anchorage. The average was $4.37 today. $2.08 was our lowest price here today. Okay, that was a gimmick. Sold all the gas, too. Other pumps got as low as $2.69, though not where I am. But we did have $3.05 at some pumps. In my neighborhood it was $3.32. That’s almost a dollar less than in Alaska.

No one’s heard of Palin?

I admit to being a politics junkie. I’ve heard of Palin. What did I know about her?

I knew she was conservative. I knew she was a mother of five. I knew she knew while she carried him that her youngest son had Down Syndrome. I knew she was governor of Alaska and the GOP hadn’t liked her for that, but the people did.

I wondered where the “bridge to nowhere” went to.

And now I know so much more.

Obama wants critics in jail

Giving in to the narrative that Kerry lost because he didn’t respond quickly enough to the Swift Boat folks, Obama responds quickly.

I had always assumed, when I heard this narrative, that by “respond,” they meant “argue that the ads were erroneous.” It turns out that they actually meant, “try go get the people who created and funded the ads thrown in jail.” Well, I guess that’s one way to go about it.

Homeschooling is winding down.

My eldest has 47 hours of college credit as a dual credit student. By the time he graduates from high school in August, he will have 73.

My youngest started at the college yesterday. He is taking math and history. He is also taking Hebrew from someone else. He say it will be exciting to finally know more about a culture than I do.

“Every time we talk, I mean, we can name some tiny place in Africa, and you know six missionaries there.”

I’m not that widely acquainted, but, yeah, I know a little about a lot of places.

So my boys are both concentrating their learning now from someone else. It isn’t because I couldn’t continue to teach them. Some of it I have taught them. And I’ll continue to do that. (My eldest was in my class at the college, after he had 30 hours of credits under someone else.) But it is time for them to spread their wings, even if none of us are ready for them to fly away.

It’s been good for E. I think it will be good for M too.

–Hey! E drove to college today for the first time. All by himself. My baby is growing up.

Pray for Georgia.

It’s not much in the news, but the situation is dire.

We rejected communism. Therefore, Russia rejected us. They denied Georgia any food, fuel, medicine when the Soviet Union fell, and they controlled all of this. They stole everything they could when they left. What they could not take, they destroyed.

Many believe the Russians came back to Georgia now because they never forgot. They never forgave us for embracing democracy, they wanted us to pay. Really, it is a celebration that Georgia survived at all. For almost seventy years we suffered under communist brutality. Georgians were not allowed to thrive under the Russians. We worked hard as a nation to relearn how to think and how to live free.

And now today all we have done is being taken, again.

from The Real Truth about Russia in Georgia

Animals align on the poles

Have you ever noticed that herds of grazing animals all face the same way?

Images from Google Earth have confirmed that cattle tend to align their bodies in a north-south direction.

Wild deer also display this behaviour – a phenomenon that has apparently gone unnoticed by herdsmen and hunters for thousands of years.

It’s the idea that because we don’t know something now, the people before us didn’t know it. But that’s not true. And it has been not true many times.

Remember red? And how we couldn’t make a fade-resistant red for centuries, but millenia ago folks did?

Dielli’s family probably figured this out those years that Eclista was sending the deer to them. They must have been on a north-south line.